Did you ever wonder what the liturgical calendar means? We always see the seasons printed in our bulletin but may not have known what they represented.  Well wonder no more!

The liturgical year, also known as the church year or Christian year, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in Christian churches that determines when feast days are to be observed, and which portions of scripture are to be read either in an annual cycle or in a cycle of several years.

Distinct liturgical colors may appear in connection with different seasons of the liturgical year.  Liturgical colors are those specific colors used for vestments and hangings within the context of Christian liturgy. The symbolism of violetwhitegreenredgoldblackrose and other colors may serve to underline moods appropriate to a season of the liturgical year or may highlight a special occasion. The dates of the festivals vary somewhat between the different churches, though the sequence and logic is largely the same.

The liturgical cycle divides the year into a series of seasons, each with their own mood, theological emphases, and modes of prayer which can be signified by different ways of decorating churches, colors of paraments and vestments for clergy, scriptural readings, themes for preaching and even different traditions and practices often observed personally or in the home. In churches that follow the liturgical year, the scripture passages for each Sunday (and even each day of the year in some traditions) are specified in a lectionary.

The revised Roman Rite lectionary were adopted by Protestants, leading to the publication in 1994 of the Revised Common Lectionary or Sundays and major feasts, which is now used by many Protestant denominations, including also Methodists, Reformed, United, etc. This has led to a greater awareness of the traditional Christian year among Protestants, especially among mainline denominations.

We are currently in the Pentecost Season, signified by the color red.  Pentecost comes from a Jewish harvest festival called Shavuot. The apostles were celebrating this festival when the Holy Spirit descended on them. It sounded like a very strong wind, and it looked like tongues of fire. The apostles then found themselves speaking in foreign languages, inspired by the Holy Spirit.